Medicinal plants in the history of medicine, properties and applications of medicinal herbs
Since time immemorial, scientists believed that plants contain a special substance, which they called “active principles”. For use in medical practice, Galen K. was extracted from plants active principles with wine, vinegar, honey or their aqueous solutions.
Acutely raised the question of active substances Paracelsus and recommended removing them only ethyl alcohol (the modern tinctures and extracts). In an effort to obtain the active principles of plants, scientists have tried different methods, including pyrotechnic: whole plant is burned and obtained by leaching ash from salt was considered a free active substance. If you receive a “vegetable salts,” however, was opened by the dry distillation of wood and many new substances, such as, for example, benzoic acid (resin), succinic acid (amber), potash (ash from plants), etc.
Subsequently in the study of plants have switched to analysis by extraction. About 1665 I. Glauber of the many poisonous plants with aqueous solutions of nitric acid have received the “improved vegetable origin” in the form of powder. Now these substances are known as alkaloids.
Drug Arsenal of the Babylonians and Assyrians was a pretty rich collection of funds from all three kingdoms of nature: plant, mineral jivotnogo. The most common in the treatment of diseases were water and oil.
The word “doctor” literally means “water knower” or “knower of oil”. Used buds of various plants, fat of animals. Medication was administered in the form of infusions and decoctions for oral administration. Prepared ointments and pastes for external use only, prescribed compresses, rubbing and baths. Difference the medication on an empty stomach and after eating.
In the manufacture of dosage forms used in the process of boiling, dissolving, mixing, filtering, grinding, etc. As in other countries of the Ancient East, the treatment of patients in Babylon was available to the wealthiest people. Poor people were treated kind: taken out into a public place and passing by gave them advice based on personal experience.
In 1817 published “Russian medical herbalist”, a major work of doctor of medicine and surgery of the Petersburg medical-surgical Academy Ivan G. Kashin (1772-1846) in this work the author first summarized all the achievements of that time in botany, Phytochemistry, pharmacognosy and medicine.
Kashin described more than three hundred local medicinal plants, introduced the 333 original image of plants taken from nature. When describing the plant scientist for each led Russian and Latin names. Then described the place of growth and identification methods, applications in medical and veterinary practice, methods of making dosage forms in the home. Detailed way the author described the methods of harvesting, drying and storing medicinal herbs – flowers, herbs, leaves, fruits, bark and roots.
The use of herbs in traditional medicine is especially relevant today. Plants have many advantages compared to chemical medical drugs. The main advantages of their use is the lack of side effects and complex effects on the body. On the pages of this website we have collected descriptions of some healing herbs and recipes of traditional medicine.
Offered to your attention the best recipes in the treatment of anemia, the use of medicinal herbs in the treatment of various diseases, the description of the properties of essential oils and their application in aromatherapy. In addition, interesting and relevant to us to provide information on the treatment of sprouted grains, the useful properties of some seasonings, the healing power of fresh juices.