Medicine of ancient Egypt
Medical knowledge of the ancient Egyptians were very extensive. Preserved on papyrus manual for physicians describe, CA to treat your ailment, and show a good knowledge of anatomy achieved through embalming.
For a long time the disease was beyond the powers of man, because he could not understand their causes. Very not hutala knowledge. Not surprisingly, all of the first failures were due to the influence of supernatural forces, demons, spirits. Later, however, the disease is considered to be a punishment of God for their sins. And who helped the man communicate with the supernatural and defend against them? Shamans, priests. It is clear that they were the first healers on earth.
More than four thousand years ago Egyptian priests helped the needy, calling on the help of their gods, the power of the stars and planets, using magical incantations and amulets. Well, if the amulet had to be worn on the chest piece of turquoise, Jasper, wood. But if it was recommended the wearing of dried rat or frog legs, eyes of a black chicken or something similar? Believe me, the choice was very wide!
Fortunately, the treatment is not restricted to such measures. The Egyptians knew for more than 250 diseases . are recognized, carefully feeling along the patient, as well as by the color of his skin, the face, by type of discharge. They were able to relieve the suffering of rheumatism, eczema, diseases of the eye. The priests used several hundred medicinal plants. Some of them ispolzuyte today, for example, wormwood, opium, castor oil, linseed.
The practice of balzaminova in Ancient Egypt was, apparently, first and primary source of knowledge about the structure of the human body. Knowledge of the Egyptians in the field of anatomy was significantly higher than the understanding of the structure of the human body in neighbouring countries, where dead bodies were not dissected. Healers could become scribes, the priests, the sons of doctors. They were trained in the Church schools. As in the present time, in Ancient Egypt, the physicians can be General or specialized by certain diseases.
The study of mummies has shown that the Egyptians often suffered from diseases of joints and spine. Numerous diseases arise from infested water. Sand, dust, lack of hygiene caused damage to the respiratory tract.three days in a row, taking laxatives”. The Egyptians ascribed the invention of the enema.